General Data

The Tormac commune is located in the south-eastern part of the Timiş county. Its neighbours are: to the north, the Niţchidorf and Sacoşul Turcesc communes, to the south, the Gătaia commune, to the west, the Voiteg and Liebling communes, and to the east, Caraş Severin county.

The Tormac commune includes the villages: Tormac, Şipet and Cadăr. The Tormac locality is located at the medium height of 135 m, and, from the morphological point of view, the territory of the area is included in the Şipet hilly plain and in the Pogoniciului plain. The Pogonici plain starts at 160-170 m and it descends in a fan-like, fragmented shape until less than 110 m to the west, where it meets the Timiş alluvial plain.

The administrative territory of the Tormac commune totalizes 12.103,17 ha, of which:

- arable land 9.681,03 ha;

- grasslands 1352,09 ha;

- hayfields 439,30 ha;

- orchards 5,04 ha;

- wooded grasslands 104,54 ha;

- waters and ponds 90,41 ha;

- unproductive land 17,67 ha;

- roads and buildings 229,24 ha;

- courtyards 183,54 ha.

The hydrology of the area is dominated at its northern limit by the Pogonici River, the only tributary of the Timiş River that never runs dry. Given the lack of level oscillations that could separate the holms from the interfluves, during the spring floods, the river floods the areas along the valley. The foundation soil is constituted by contractile argillaceous lands, formed of dusty brown-yellow clay, wet, having a high consistence at the surface and of a plastic, hard one in the depth.

The location of the commune in the middle of a plain area provides it a continental climate, influenced by warm, Mediterranean air currents. The annual average temperature is of 10,6 ºC. The highest temperature ever recorded was in August 1952 (+40 ºC), and the lowest temperature ever recorded, of -35 ºC, dates back to January 1963. From a seismic point of view, the Tormac commune is included in the 6 degree seismicity area. Until now, no important seismic movements have been recorded in this region, but, on account of the high level of the underground water, movements of the surface have been noticed.